AFFAIRE BAKASSI PDF
territoriality, and sovereignty in Africa’, CODESRIA Bulletin (): Mbome, F.X. () ‘Les relations entre le Cameroun et le Nigeria: L’affaire Bakassi’. Affaire Bakassi: genèse, évolution et dénouement de l’affaire de la frontière terrestre et maritime Cameroun-Nigeria (). Responsibility: Guy Roger . “Les Relations entre le Cameroon et le Nigeria: 1’affaire Bakassi,” Afrique , no. 25 () The author reviews the long-standing territorial dispute.
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Retrieved 18 January Retrieved from ” https: Retrieved 26 April The territory subsequently became de facto part of Nigeriaalthough the border was never permanently delineated. This page was last edited on 5 Novemberat It aroused vitriolic comments from Nigerian officials and the Nigerian media alike.
Bakassi – Wikipedia
Nigeria relied largely on Anglo-German correspondence dating from as well as treaties between the colonial powers and the indigenous rulers in the area, particularly the Treaty of Protection. Cameroon was thus given a substantial Nigerian population and was required to protect their rights, infrastructure and welfare.
However, documents released by the Cameroonians, in parity with that of the British and Germans, clearly places Bakassi under Cameroonian Territory as a consequence of colonial era Anglo-German agreements.
These two ocean currents interact, creating huge foamy breakers which constantly advance towards the shore, and building submarine shoals rich in fish, shrimps, and a wide variety of other marine life forms.
Adfaire it is and how it Works. The Nigerian newspaper The Guardian went further, declaring that the judgment was “a rape and unforeseen potential international conspiracy against Nigerian territorial integrity and sovereignty” and “part of a Western ploy to foment and perpetuate trouble in Africa”.
The momentum achieved must be sustained. The peninsula is commonly described as “oil-rich”, though in fact no commercially viable deposits of oil have been discovered. Nigeria and Cameroon have disputed the possession of Bakassi for some years, leading to considerable tension between the two countries.
More armed clashes broke out in the early s. It lies between the Cross River estuary, near the city of Calabar in the west of the Bight of Biafra, and the Rio del Ray estuary on the east. Secretary-General Kofi Annan stepped in as a mediator and chaired a tripartite summit with the two countries’ presidents on 15 Novemberwhich established a commission to facilitate the peaceful implementation of the ICJ’s judgement.
The decision was reportedly made at a meeting on 2 July and The Vanguard newspaper of Nigeria reported the decision to secede.
In the two countries went to the brink of war over Bakassi and another area around Lake Chadat the other end of the two countries’ common border. On 22 Novemberthe Nigerian Senate passed a resolution declaring that the withdrawal from the Bakassi Peninsula was illegal.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The government took no action, and handed the final parts of Bakassi over to Cameroon on 14 August as planned, but a Federal High Court had stated this should be delayed until all accommodations for resettled Bakassians had been settled; the government did not seem to plan to heed this court order,  and set the necessary mechanisms into motion to override it.
The ICJ delivered its judgment on 10 Octoberfinding based principally on the Anglo-German agreements that sovereignty over Bakassi did indeed rest with Cameroon.
Nigeria began to withdraw its forces, comprising some 3, troops, beginning 1 Augustand a ceremony on 14 August marked the formal handover of the northern part of the peninsula.
Afraire makes the Bakassi area a very fertile fishing ground, comparable only to Newfoundland in North America and Scandinavia in Western Europe. Archived from the original on 13 August Most of the population make their living through fishing. Archived from the original on 22 April The Nigerian government did not, however, openly reject the judgment but instead called for an agreement that would provide “peace with honour, with the interest and welfare of our people.
The population of Bakassi is the subject of some dispute, but is generally put at betweenandpeople. The line was drawn through the Cross River estuary to the west of the peninsula, thereby implying Cameroonian ownership over Bakassi.
It is governed by Cameroonfollowing the transfer of sovereignty from neighbouring Nigeria as a result of a judgment by the International Court of Justice.
This secession was announced on 9 Julyas the “Democratic Republic of Bakassi”. It instructed Nigeria to transfer possession of the peninsula, but did not require the inhabitants to move or to change their nationality. A further summit was held on 31 January The remainder stayed under Nigerian civil authority for two more years. However, the area has aroused considerable interest from oil companies in the light of the discovery of rich reserves of high grade crude oil in Nigeria.
The outcome of the controversy was a de facto Nigerian refusal to withdraw its troops from Bakassi and transfer sovereignty. Retrieved 5 November — via news. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
The case was extremely complex, requiring the court to review diplomatic exchanges dating back over years. Matters arisingNigeriaworld.