A suicide bag, also known as an exit bag or hood, is a euthanasia device consisting of a large plastic bag with a drawcord used to commit suicide through inert gas asphyxiation. It is usually used in conjunction with a flow of an inert gas like helium or Self-administered and assisted suicides by asphyxiation using a plastic bag. Asphyxial suicide by placing a plastic bag over the head, especially in combination with inhalation of gases, is a rarely described method of committing suicide. Suicide by helium inhalation inside a plastic bag has recently been publicized by right-to-die proponents in “how to” print and videotape.

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He does not dispute that the method is “swift, highly lethal and painless”, as claimed by Ogden and other right-to-die proponents. Toxicology information could not determine helium inhalation, and drug screening did not reveal data of significance. In the book Final Exit by Derek Humphrya suicide bag was described as a large plastic bag with an adjustable velcro strip around the neck.

A study poses the dilemma for medical ethicists and the general public who “may also want to carefully weigh the unintended adverse consequences of bzg disseminated suicide methods likely to appeal to some depressed persons irrespective of their physical health status or age against the putative benefits associated with making these methods more widely known and available”. Pages containing plastid to subscription-only content CS1 maint: Suicides using bags or masks and gases are well documented in the literature.

Propane has low toxicity since it is not readily absorbed and is not biologically active.

This page was last edited on 25 Novemberat Once deprived of oxygen they will begin to die off within five minutes. A hypoxic, carbon dioxide free metabolically inert gas is provided for inhalation by confining the gas supply and the head in an impermeable bag which prevents contamination with oxygen from the surrounding nelium, minimising the amount of gas required.


InLudwig Minellifounder of Dignitasfilmed four people committing suicide by helium inhalation. Haglund The American journal of forensic medicine and…. Helium Cessation of life. Hflium of this suicide method recommend it to terminally ill patients.

Asphyxial suicide with helium and a plastic bag. Ogden The American journal of forensic medicine and…. Suicides using a suicide bag and an inert gas produce no characteristic post-mortem macroscopic or microscopic findings.

Ogden Death studies Selling suicide ajd is prohibited in some places. Suffocation caused by plastic wrap covering the face combined with nitrous oxide inhalation.

Asphyxial suicide by inhalation of helium inside a plastic bag.

History List of suicides Suicide in antiquity List of suicides in the 21st century. Suffocation using plastic bags: Canadian right-to-die advocates stopped shipping suicide bags to Australia asphyxilawhen the Australian government announced that it would review their importation.

The authors wrote, [42]. Views Read Edit View history.

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Suicide bags have been used with gases other than inert gases, with varying outcomes. In warfare Banzai charge Kamikaze Suicide attack Suicide mission. By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our Privacy PolicyTerms of Serviceand Dataset License. Dutch psychiatrist Boudewijn Chabot, in his book Dignified Dyingcalls the suicide bag with inert gas method “rapid, painless and safe”.

Asphyxial suicide by inhalation of helium inside a plastic bag.

The authors wrote, “If the process is interrupted by someone, there is no gas or the tube slips out of the bag, there is a high risk of severe hypoxia of the central nervous system ” in survivors. Showing of 11 extracted citations.

The deoxygenated blood then passes through the systemic circulation to the vital organs, including the brain, and rapidly lowers oxygen concentrations below the level required to sustain consciousness, and when it is insufficient to keep the heart functioning, cardiac arrest will occur. InPhilip Nitschkefounder of voluntary euthanasia organisation Exit International, wrote in a member newsletter that nitrogen has a lower risk of an adverse reaction by the body than helium and is also more available than helium in Australia and New Zealand.


Woman selling ‘suicide kits’ reignites right-to-die debate”. Asphyxiation Hanging Train Cop Seppuku. However, he said that he has no way of knowing if the method was being used by people with terminal illness or by people who are mentally ill.

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Asphyxial suicide with helium and a plastic bag. – Semantic Scholar

If the supplied breathing gas is free of carbon dioxide, the blood carbon dioxide levels will remain low while breathing occurs, and there will be no distress or urge to increase breathing rate, as the sensitivity in normal people to blood oxygen level as a breathing stimulus is very low. Health and Safety Saphyxial. Topics Discussed in This Paper. However, we have not seen detailed descriptions of such observations that permit another person to evaluate the variables that might have produced an isolated petechia in a rare victim.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. These additives may be toxic in large doses, but the concentrations which are needed to indicate the presence of the gas are not dangerous over short terms. The effect of contamination of the inert gas by air bwg other source of oxygen is to reduce the effects of oxygen loss baag the person exposed may feel usicide, tired and confused, but without a strong urge to breathe or the associated respiratory distress.

Retrieved 24 July Journal of Affective Disorders. The danger lies in that they are undetectable by human senses, and the first warning of their presence in asphyxiant concentrations may be loss of consciousness.