Vakya Vritti is a Vedantic textbook, a small treatise, that concerns itself with the detailed and elaborate explanation of two Mahāvākyas – aham brahmāsmi and tat tvam asi which great Sruti sentences are intended to give a direct perception of Brahman. In his Laghu vakya vritti Adi Shankara deals with the former vakya only. laghuvAkyavRRittiH || sthUlo mAMsamayo deho sUkShmaH syAdvAsanAmayaH | j~nAnakarmendriyaiH sArdhaM dhIprANau tachCharIragau || 1|| aj~nAnaM. Laghu vakya vritti of Sri Adi Sankaracharya is a Prakarana Grantha that teaches the meaning of the Mahavakyas. Mahavakyas are Sentences.

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Śaṅkarācārya, Laghu-Vakya-Vritti of Sri Sankaracharya with Commentary – PhilPapers

The aim of the discussion is to guide the student in using the mahavakya for meditation Like Bhagavan Ramana’s “Just Be”. They have to be inquired into So how is this identity to be revealed?


Mahavakyas are Sentences from the Upanishads which convey the oneness of Jiva and Brahman. How can they both be identical? Does Rama need a mirror to recognise himself as Rama?

If a student asks: But what is the use without the Paraa Vidya?

The phrase Comes to Life and he Just Remains. October 11, The Realised Man stands forth as That to which all the attributes enumerated by the scriptures refer.


You alone are the Brahman! Nagaraj Hero Member Posts: Scorched by the blazing sun of the three miseries, a student — dejected with the world and restless for release, having cultivated all the means of liberation especially such virtues as self-control etc. In my view, the method of inquiry is just the same Being free from all changes even the witnessing is nothing but the illumining-power of the Self. Tat tvam asi and Aham Brahmasmi.

Laghu-Vakya-Vritti of Sri Sankaracharya with Commentary

Ramana Maharshi – All scriptures without exception proclaim that for attaining salvation, the mind should be subdued. Who else can be the individual Self Jiva other than yourself, that asks me this question, “Who am I? You alone are the Brahman. Therefore, it is futile to seek by means of the study of the scriptures, the Self that has to be realised by summarily rejecting even the five sheaths.

They are like Zen Koans whose meaning can be seen by being.

Vakya Vritti – Wikipedia

To whom is this statement addressed Mahavakyas are such statements from the Upanishads. To keep the mind constantly turned within and to abide thus in the Self is alone Atmavichara Self-enquirywhereas dhyana meditation consists in fervent contemplation of the Self as Sat-Chit-Ananda Being- Consciousness-Bliss.


Hoow can they both be indentical? If a student “Tries” to Just Be and meditates upon the meaning of this one phrase There is no doubt about it. What, then is the Universal Self? Home Help Search Login Register. Please login or register. Its a way of leading the student by hand.

And there are no two opinions about it.

While there can be many such statements, a few are chosen for discussion. I bow down to that Pure Consciousness Divine — a shoreless ocean of happiness, which is All-pervading Vishnuthe Beloved of Shri, the all-knowing Lord of the Universe, assuming endless forms and yet ever-free, having an inscrutable power to become apparently the Cause of creation, maintenance, and dissolution of the universe. To him therefore, these sacred texts are of no use whatever.

What is the individualised Self?